VisionSource! - North America's Premier Network of Private Practice Optometrists
North America's Premier Network of Private Practice Optometrists





Ocular Disease


We provide diagnosis, treatment and management of diseases that affect the human eye and visual system.  Some examples where we have special training include: 


Dry Eye SyndromeOcular Surface Disease (OSD) includes eye and eyelid conditions that interfere with normal eye surface health. These conditions include dry eyes, blepharitis or eyelid inflammation and meibomitis or inflammation of the meibomian glands (oil glands of the eyelid). These conditions contribute to poor eye surface quality resulting in fluctuating vision, blurred vision, red irritated eyes, dryness, excess tearing, burning and stinging. OSD is a chronic condition that usually cannot be cured but can be managed with medications, artificial tears, ointments, improved eyelid hygiene, and nutritional supplements.





Glaucoma is a progressive optic nerve disease sometimes associated with elevated eye pressure. Although it can occur in any individual, Asians, Hispanics and African Americans demonstrate higher risk for the condition. Several tests help us determine whether you have glaucoma. These include evaluating the optic nerve, scanning the retinal nerve fibers for decreasing thickness, examining the visual field for light sensitivity loss, measuring the intraocular eye pressure and measuring the electrical response of retinal cells for decreases and delays in response.  Once diagnosed, glaucoma is most frequently treated with eye drops to lower eye pressure. In severe cases surgery to lower pressure can be an alternative treatment but at present, all treatments attempt to lower eye pressure.



Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic Eye Disease frequently occurs in individuals with poorly controlled diabetes. It is the leading cause of acquired blindness in the United States that results from recurrent bleeding in the eye, retinal swelling, scar formation and retinal detachment. Diabetic eye disease can easily be detected with annual eye examinations and treated with new medications administered by a retinal specialist. The key to minimizing diabetic eye disease is good blood sugar control through your primary care physician and annual eye examinations. By better understanding your diabetes and controlling your blood sugar through healthy diet, exercise and treatment from your primary care physician, diabetic eye disease and its vision consequences can be prevented.




Cataract is a clouding of the natural internal lens of the eye.  This opacification may be a small spot or may involve the entire lens.  Light entering the eye hits a cataract and scatters creating glare and causing haziness or blurry vision.  There are many different types of cataracts.  The one shown here is a cortical cataract where the opacity forms first in the periphery of the lens and develops inward like spokes of a wheel. Ultimately, the best treatment is to remove the cloudy lens material and replace it with an artifical lens implant that clears and corrects vison.  This is referred to as cataract surgery.  We work closely with several cataract surgeons and provide pre- and post-cataract surgery management. 



Macular Degeneration

Age-Related Macular Degeneration (ARMD) is a condition that damages the central portion of your retina responsible for detailed vision. This area of the retina requires healthy circulation and breaks down when circulation is impaired. This breakdown is due to a lack of nutrients and oxygen needed for the extreme number of light sensitive nerve cells concentrated in the central vision area. Current evidence suggest that cumulative exposure to blue wavelength light increases the risk of ARMD. A person's genetics may play a role in the progression of ARMD and this risk can be assessed through available genetic testing. Smoking increases the risk of progression. We provide specialized tests to evaluate your personal risks and can also provide health and nutritional counseling to reduce this risk. Nutritional supplements and genetic testing are provided through our office to better manage a patient's risk for ARMD. In advanced cases, we work closely with retinal specialists who may be needed to treat ARMD.






Keratoconus is a disorder that occurs when the cornea, which is typically rounded, becomes cone-shaped.  The progression is usually slow and can stop at any stage from mild to severe.  This distortion increases as the cornea bulges and thins.  The apex of the cornea often scars, reducing the vision.  Treatment of keratoconus is most effective with gas permeable contact lenses, designed specifically for the irregular corneal surface. Newer hybrid gas permeable contact lenses with soft lens peripheries are available through our office for more comfortable lens fitting. If contact lens treatment is not successful, a surgical corneal transplant may be necessary.